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Creative Commons

Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported

CREATIVE COMMONS CORPORATION IS NOT A LAW FIRM AND DOES NOT PROVIDE LEGAL SERVICES. DISTRIBUTION OF THIS LICENSE DOES NOT CREATE AN ATTORNEY-CLIENT RELATIONSHIP. CREATIVE COMMONS PROVIDES THIS INFORMATION ON AN "AS-IS" BASIS. CREATIVE COMMONS MAKES NO WARRANTIES REGARDING THE INFORMATION PROVIDED, AND DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM ITS USE.

License

THE WORK (AS DEFINED BELOW) IS PROVIDED UNDER THE TERMS OF THIS CREATIVE COMMONS PUBLIC LICENSE ("CCPL" OR "LICENSE"). THE WORK IS PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT AND/OR OTHER APPLICABLE LAW. ANY USE OF THE WORK OTHER THAN AS AUTHORIZED UNDER THIS LICENSE OR COPYRIGHT LAW IS PROHIBITED.

BY EXERCISING ANY RIGHTS TO THE WORK PROVIDED HERE, YOU ACCEPT AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE. TO THE EXTENT THIS LICENSE MAY BE CONSIDERED TO BE A CONTRACT, THE LICENSOR GRANTS YOU THE RIGHTS CONTAINED HERE IN CONSIDERATION OF YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF SUCH TERMS AND CONDITIONS.

1. Definitions

a. "Adaptation" means a work based upon the Work, or upon the Work and other
   pre-existing works, such as a translation, adaptation, derivative work,
   arrangement of music or other alterations of a literary or artistic work,
   or phonogram or performance and includes cinematographic adaptations or any
   other form in which the Work may be recast, transformed, or adapted
   including in any form recognizably derived from the original, except that a
   work that constitutes a Collection will not be considered an Adaptation for
   the purpose of this License. For the avoidance of doubt, where the Work is
   a musical work, performance or phonogram, the synchronization of the Work
   in timed-relation with a moving image ("synching") will be considered an
   Adaptation for the purpose of this License.
b. "Collection" means a collection of literary or artistic works, such as
   encyclopedias and anthologies, or performances, phonograms or broadcasts,
   or other works or subject matter other than works listed in Section 1(f)
   below, which, by reason of the selection and arrangement of their contents,
   constitute intellectual creations, in which the Work is included in its
   entirety in unmodified form along with one or more other contributions,
   each constituting separate and independent works in themselves, which
   together are assembled into a collective whole. A work that constitutes a
   Collection will not be considered an Adaptation (as defined below) for the
   purposes of this License.
c. "Creative Commons Compatible License" means a license that is listed at
   http://creativecommons.org/compatiblelicenses that has been approved by
   Creative Commons as being essentially equivalent to this License,
   including, at a minimum, because that license: (i) contains terms that have
   the same purpose, meaning and effect as the License Elements of this
   License; and, (ii) explicitly permits the relicensing of adaptations of
   works made available under that license under this License or a Creative
   Commons jurisdiction license with the same License Elements as this
   License.
d. "Distribute" means to make available to the public the original and copies
   of the Work or Adaptation, as appropriate, through sale or other transfer
   of ownership.
e. "License Elements" means the following high-level license attributes as
   selected by Licensor and indicated in the title of this License:
   Attribution, ShareAlike.
f. "Licensor" means the individual, individuals, entity or entities that offer
   (s) the Work under the terms of this License.
g. "Original Author" means, in the case of a literary or artistic work, the
   individual, individuals, entity or entities who created the Work or if no
   individual or entity can be identified, the publisher; and in addition (i)
   in the case of a performance the actors, singers, musicians, dancers, and
   other persons who act, sing, deliver, declaim, play in, interpret or
   otherwise perform literary or artistic works or expressions of folklore;
   (ii) in the case of a phonogram the producer being the person or legal
   entity who first fixes the sounds of a performance or other sounds; and,
   (iii) in the case of broadcasts, the organization that transmits the
   broadcast.
h. "Work" means the literary and/or artistic work offered under the terms of
   this License including without limitation any production in the literary,
   scientific and artistic domain, whatever may be the mode or form of its
   expression including digital form, such as a book, pamphlet and other
   writing; a lecture, address, sermon or other work of the same nature; a
   dramatic or dramatico-musical work; a choreographic work or entertainment
   in dumb show; a musical composition with or without words; a
   cinematographic work to which are assimilated works expressed by a process
   analogous to cinematography; a work of drawing, painting, architecture,
   sculpture, engraving or lithography; a photographic work to which are
   assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to photography; a work
   of applied art; an illustration, map, plan, sketch or three-dimensional
   work relative to geography, topography, architecture or science; a
   performance; a broadcast; a phonogram; a compilation of data to the extent
   it is protected as a copyrightable work; or a work performed by a variety
   or circus performer to the extent it is not otherwise considered a literary
   or artistic work.
i. "You" means an individual or entity exercising rights under this License
   who has not previously violated the terms of this License with respect to
   the Work, or who has received express permission from the Licensor to
   exercise rights under this License despite a previous violation.
j. "Publicly Perform" means to perform public recitations of the Work and to
   communicate to the public those public recitations, by any means or
   process, including by wire or wireless means or public digital
   performances; to make available to the public Works in such a way that
   members of the public may access these Works from a place and at a place
   individually chosen by them; to perform the Work to the public by any means
   or process and the communication to the public of the performances of the
   Work, including by public digital performance; to broadcast and rebroadcast
   the Work by any means including signs, sounds or images.
k. "Reproduce" means to make copies of the Work by any means including without
   limitation by sound or visual recordings and the right of fixation and
   reproducing fixations of the Work, including storage of a protected
   performance or phonogram in digital form or other electronic medium.

2. Fair Dealing Rights. Nothing in this License is intended to reduce, limit, or restrict any uses free from copyright or rights arising from limitations or exceptions that are provided for in connection with the copyright protection under copyright law or other applicable laws.

3. License Grant. Subject to the terms and conditions of this License, Licensor hereby grants You a worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, perpetual (for the duration of the applicable copyright) license to exercise the rights in the Work as stated below:

a. to Reproduce the Work, to incorporate the Work into one or more
   Collections, and to Reproduce the Work as incorporated in the Collections;
b. to create and Reproduce Adaptations provided that any such Adaptation,
   including any translation in any medium, takes reasonable steps to clearly
   label, demarcate or otherwise identify that changes were made to the
   original Work. For example, a translation could be marked "The original
   work was translated from English to Spanish," or a modification could
   indicate "The original work has been modified.";
c. to Distribute and Publicly Perform the Work including as incorporated in
   Collections; and,
d. to Distribute and Publicly Perform Adaptations.
e. For the avoidance of doubt:
    i. Non-waivable Compulsory License Schemes. In those jurisdictions in
       which the right to collect royalties through any statutory or
       compulsory licensing scheme cannot be waived, the Licensor reserves the
       exclusive right to collect such royalties for any exercise by You of
       the rights granted under this License;
   ii. Waivable Compulsory License Schemes. In those jurisdictions in which
       the right to collect royalties through any statutory or compulsory
       licensing scheme can be waived, the Licensor waives the exclusive right
       to collect such royalties for any exercise by You of the rights granted
       under this License; and,
   iii. Voluntary License Schemes. The Licensor waives the right to collect
       royalties, whether individually or, in the event that the Licensor is a
       member of a collecting society that administers voluntary licensing
       schemes, via that society, from any exercise by You of the rights
       granted under this License.

The above rights may be exercised in all media and formats whether now known or hereafter devised. The above rights include the right to make such modifications as are technically necessary to exercise the rights in other media and formats. Subject to Section 8(f), all rights not expressly granted by Licensor are hereby reserved.

4. Restrictions. The license granted in Section 3 above is expressly made subject to and limited by the following restrictions:

a. You may Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work only under the terms of
   this License. You must include a copy of, or the Uniform Resource
   Identifier (URI) for, this License with every copy of the Work You
   Distribute or Publicly Perform. You may not offer or impose any terms on
   the Work that restrict the terms of this License or the ability of the
   recipient of the Work to exercise the rights granted to that recipient
   under the terms of the License. You may not sublicense the Work. You must
   keep intact all notices that refer to this License and to the disclaimer of
   warranties with every copy of the Work You Distribute or Publicly Perform.
   When You Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work, You may not impose any
   effective technological measures on the Work that restrict the ability of a
   recipient of the Work from You to exercise the rights granted to that
   recipient under the terms of the License. This Section 4(a) applies to the
   Work as incorporated in a Collection, but this does not require the
   Collection apart from the Work itself to be made subject to the terms of
   this License. If You create a Collection, upon notice from any Licensor You
   must, to the extent practicable, remove from the Collection any credit as
   required by Section 4(c), as requested. If You create an Adaptation, upon
   notice from any Licensor You must, to the extent practicable, remove from
   the Adaptation any credit as required by Section 4(c), as requested.
b. You may Distribute or Publicly Perform an Adaptation only under the terms
   of: (i) this License; (ii) a later version of this License with the same
   License Elements as this License; (iii) a Creative Commons jurisdiction
   license (either this or a later license version) that contains the same
   License Elements as this License (e.g., Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 US));
   (iv) a Creative Commons Compatible License. If you license the Adaptation
   under one of the licenses mentioned in (iv), you must comply with the terms
   of that license. If you license the Adaptation under the terms of any of
   the licenses mentioned in (i), (ii) or (iii) (the "Applicable License"),
   you must comply with the terms of the Applicable License generally and the
   following provisions: (I) You must include a copy of, or the URI for, the
   Applicable License with every copy of each Adaptation You Distribute or
   Publicly Perform; (II) You may not offer or impose any terms on the
   Adaptation that restrict the terms of the Applicable License or the ability
   of the recipient of the Adaptation to exercise the rights granted to that
   recipient under the terms of the Applicable License; (III) You must keep
   intact all notices that refer to the Applicable License and to the
   disclaimer of warranties with every copy of the Work as included in the
   Adaptation You Distribute or Publicly Perform; (IV) when You Distribute or
   Publicly Perform the Adaptation, You may not impose any effective
   technological measures on the Adaptation that restrict the ability of a
   recipient of the Adaptation from You to exercise the rights granted to that
   recipient under the terms of the Applicable License. This Section 4(b)
   applies to the Adaptation as incorporated in a Collection, but this does
   not require the Collection apart from the Adaptation itself to be made
   subject to the terms of the Applicable License.
c. If You Distribute, or Publicly Perform the Work or any Adaptations or
   Collections, You must, unless a request has been made pursuant to Section 4
   (a), keep intact all copyright notices for the Work and provide, reasonable
   to the medium or means You are utilizing: (i) the name of the Original
   Author (or pseudonym, if applicable) if supplied, and/or if the Original
   Author and/or Licensor designate another party or parties (e.g., a sponsor
   institute, publishing entity, journal) for attribution ("Attribution
   Parties") in Licensor's copyright notice, terms of service or by other
   reasonable means, the name of such party or parties; (ii) the title of the
   Work if supplied; (iii) to the extent reasonably practicable, the URI, if
   any, that Licensor specifies to be associated with the Work, unless such
   URI does not refer to the copyright notice or licensing information for the
   Work; and (iv) , consistent with Ssection 3(b), in the case of an
   Adaptation, a credit identifying the use of the Work in the Adaptation
   (e.g., "French translation of the Work by Original Author," or "Screenplay
   based on original Work by Original Author"). The credit required by this
   Section 4(c) may be implemented in any reasonable manner; provided,
   however, that in the case of a Adaptation or Collection, at a minimum such
   credit will appear, if a credit for all contributing authors of the
   Adaptation or Collection appears, then as part of these credits and in a
   manner at least as prominent as the credits for the other contributing
   authors. For the avoidance of doubt, You may only use the credit required
   by this Section for the purpose of attribution in the manner set out above
   and, by exercising Your rights under this License, You may not implicitly
   or explicitly assert or imply any connection with, sponsorship or
   endorsement by the Original Author, Licensor and/or Attribution Parties, as
   appropriate, of You or Your use of the Work, without the separate, express
   prior written permission of the Original Author, Licensor and/or
   Attribution Parties.
d. Except as otherwise agreed in writing by the Licensor or as may be
   otherwise permitted by applicable law, if You Reproduce, Distribute or
   Publicly Perform the Work either by itself or as part of any Adaptations or
   Collections, You must not distort, mutilate, modify or take other
   derogatory action in relation to the Work which would be prejudicial to the
   Original Author's honor or reputation. Licensor agrees that in those
   jurisdictions (e.g. Japan), in which any exercise of the right granted in
   Section 3(b) of this License (the right to make Adaptations) would be
   deemed to be a distortion, mutilation, modification or other derogatory
   action prejudicial to the Original Author's honor and reputation, the
   Licensor will waive or not assert, as appropriate, this Section, to the
   fullest extent permitted by the applicable national law, to enable You to
   reasonably exercise Your right under Section 3(b) of this License (right to
   make Adaptations) but not otherwise.

5. Representations, Warranties and Disclaimer

UNLESS OTHERWISE MUTUALLY AGREED TO BY THE PARTIES IN WRITING, LICENSOR OFFERS THE WORK AS-IS AND MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND CONCERNING THE WORK, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTIBILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT, OR THE ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS, ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OF ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT DISCOVERABLE. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO SUCH EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.

6. Limitation on Liability. EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IN NO EVENT WILL LICENSOR BE LIABLE TO YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS LICENSE OR THE USE OF THE WORK, EVEN IF LICENSOR HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

7. Termination

a. This License and the rights granted hereunder will terminate automatically
   upon any breach by You of the terms of this License. Individuals or
   entities who have received Adaptations or Collections from You under this
   License, however, will not have their licenses terminated provided such
   individuals or entities remain in full compliance with those licenses.
   Sections 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, and 8 will survive any termination of this License.
b. Subject to the above terms and conditions, the license granted here is
   perpetual (for the duration of the applicable copyright in the Work).
   Notwithstanding the above, Licensor reserves the right to release the Work
   under different license terms or to stop distributing the Work at any time;
   provided, however that any such election will not serve to withdraw this
   License (or any other license that has been, or is required to be, granted
   under the terms of this License), and this License will continue in full
   force and effect unless terminated as stated above.

8. Miscellaneous

a. Each time You Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work or a Collection, the
   Licensor offers to the recipient a license to the Work on the same terms
   and conditions as the license granted to You under this License.
b. Each time You Distribute or Publicly Perform an Adaptation, Licensor offers
   to the recipient a license to the original Work on the same terms and
   conditions as the license granted to You under this License.
c. If any provision of this License is invalid or unenforceable under
   applicable law, it shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the
   remainder of the terms of this License, and without further action by the
   parties to this agreement, such provision shall be reformed to the minimum
   extent necessary to make such provision valid and enforceable.
d. No term or provision of this License shall be deemed waived and no breach
   consented to unless such waiver or consent shall be in writing and signed
   by the party to be charged with such waiver or consent.
e. This License constitutes the entire agreement between the parties with
   respect to the Work licensed here. There are no understandings, agreements
   or representations with respect to the Work not specified here. Licensor
   shall not be bound by any additional provisions that may appear in any
   communication from You. This License may not be modified without the mutual
   written agreement of the Licensor and You.
f. The rights granted under, and the subject matter referenced, in this
   License were drafted utilizing the terminology of the Berne Convention for
   the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (as amended on September 28,
   1979), the Rome Convention of 1961, the WIPO Copyright Treaty of 1996, the
   WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty of 1996 and the Universal Copyright
   Convention (as revised on July 24, 1971). These rights and subject matter
   take effect in the relevant jurisdiction in which the License terms are
   sought to be enforced according to the corresponding provisions of the
   implementation of those treaty provisions in the applicable national law.
   If the standard suite of rights granted under applicable copyright law
   includes additional rights not granted under this License, such additional
   rights are deemed to be included in the License; this License is not
   intended to restrict the license of any rights under applicable law.